ADHD: Males Versus Females

Safe & Sound specializes in supporting individuals with ADHD

ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a condition that affects individuals of all genders. However, research suggests that there may be differences in the signs and symptoms of ADHD between males and females. Here are some of the differences that have been observed:


  1. Presentation: Boys with ADHD tend to exhibit more hyperactive-impulsive behaviors, while girls with ADHD are more likely to display inattentive symptoms.


  1. Social interactions: Females with ADHD are often more withdrawn and have difficulty making and maintaining friendships, while males with ADHD may be more disruptive in social situations.


  1. Emotional regulation: Girls with ADHD are more likely to experience emotional dysregulation, such as intense mood swings and anxiety, while boys with ADHD may exhibit more aggressive behaviors.


  1. Academic performance: Girls with ADHD may struggle more with academic performance, particularly in math and reading, while boys with ADHD may have more difficulty with handwriting and spelling.


  1. Diagnosis: Females with ADHD are often diagnosed later in life than males, and may be more likely to be misdiagnosed with depression or anxiety.


It is important to note that these are general trends, and each individual with ADHD may present with a unique set of symptoms. It is also important to seek a professional diagnosis and treatment if you suspect you or someone you know may have ADHD. ADHD Kelowna supports are available, talk with your family doctor today. Safe & Sound Therapeutics is a member of the Canadian ADHD Resource Alliance


Reference for further reading:

  1. Quinn, P. O. (2017). Girls and women with ADHD: Understanding the female experience of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.


  1. Hinshaw, S. P., & Scheffler, R. M. (2014). The ADHD explosion: Myths, medication, money, and today’s push for performance. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.


  1. Rucklidge, J. J., & Tannock, R. (2017). Psychiatric, psychosocial, and functional impairments in adults diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in childhood. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21(10), 886-896.


  1. Hartung, C. M., Willcutt, E. G., Lahey, B. B., Pelham, W. E., Loney, J., Stein, M. A., … & Frick, P. J. (2002). Sex differences in young children who meet criteria for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31(4), 453-464.


  1. Biederman, J., Mick, E., Faraone, S. V., & Braaten, E. (2002). Influence of gender on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children referred to a psychiatric clinic. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(1), 36-42.

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